Also known as onychocryptosis, ingrown toe nails are a common, very painful condition that occur when skin on one or both sides of a nail grows over the edges of the nail, or when the nail itself grows into the skin. This condition can be associated with infection of the toe. Some ingrown toenails are chronic, with repeated episodes of pain and infection. Irritation, redness, an uncomfortable sensation of warmth, as well as swelling can result from an ingrown toenail.
Ingrown toenails develop for many reasons. In some cases the condition is congenital, such as toenails that simply are too large. People whose toes curl, either congenitally or from diseases like arthritis, are prone to ingrown toenails. Often trauma, like stubbing a toe or having a toe stepped on, can cause a piece of the nail to be jammed into the skin. Repeated trauma, such as the pounding to which runners typically subject their feet, also can cause ingrown nails.
The most common cause is cutting your toenails incorrectly, causing them to re-grow into the skin. Tight hosiery or shoes with narrow toe boxes only make matters worse. If the skin is red, painful or swollen on the sides of the nail, an infection may be present. This occurs because the ingrown nail is often in a warm, moist and bacteria-rich environment. When the nail penetrates the skin, it provides a convenient entry for germs that can cause infection. Untreated, the nail can go under the skin, causing a more severe infection. In either case, the infection needs to be cured with sterile instruments and antibiotics.
Treatment and Prevention
Ingrown toenails should be treated as soon as they are recognised:
– Soak the feet in warm salty water
– Dry them thoroughly with a clean towel
– Apply a mild antiseptic solution to the area
– Bandage the toe
– Wear shoes with a wide toe box i.e. not narrow and pointy
If excessive inflammation, swelling, pain or discharge is present, the toenail probably is infected and should be treated by a doctor. A podiatrist can trim or remove the infected nail with a minor in-office surgical procedure. They can remove the offending portion of the nail or overgrown skin with a scalpel and treat the infection. Unless, the problem is congenital, the best way to prevent ingrown toenails is to protect the feet from trauma and wear shoes with adequate room for the toes.
The shoes we stock at Foot Solutions are carefully designed to accommodate your feet and toes properly, and are further customised by adding inserts that can be specifically made for your feet for optimal alignment. We also have a stretching machine to shape shoes if necessary, in order to accommodate the shape of your unique feet and we also provide the ultimate service for your feet: custom-made shoes!